Wednesday, July 04, 2018

Library Linked Data

Library Linked Data
Linked Data

Today's libraries are also incorporating the linked data standards to compete with the changing technological needs of libraries all over the world. With changing web technologies, libraries cannot remain unaffected, they need to change their data/metadata description and access technologies based on the web technologies to make the library data findable on the web in the similar way as other data.
When linked data standards are used in the bibliographic data of libraries in order to ease the visibility and accessibility of library resources within the library systems and outside the library system then it is called Library Linked Data. A library linked data is more structured, defined and well connected library data using Semantic web technologies. It may be called the alternative to MARC data.

BIBFRAME is the bibliographic data model which uses Linked data principles in bibliographic data to make the data more searchable and interoperable library data on the web. It is released by the Library of Congress (BIBFRAME version 2.0) in 2016 to replace MARC.

Libraries are involved in creating the library linked data by using the linked data standards like RDF (Resource Description and Framework) for linking data using Triples. These triples can be linked to one another through the use of URIs (Uniform Resource Identifiers) which are the permanent identifier for the objects on the web.
Another Linked data standard is RDA (Resource Description and Access) for cataloging data which is computer readable and replace MARC cataloging standards. RDA makes the data more searchable by general web searches. Library of Congress and British Library are already using the RDA cataloging.


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