Link of the Day WLIC2022 Wrap-up

Friday, August 12, 2022

Happy Librarian's Day

Monday, August 01, 2022

Role of Librarians in UNESCO's 2030 Agenda on Open Educational Resources (OER)

Open Educational Resources are developed and promoted to provide an enhanced educational system and to broaden access to scholarly and creative conversations reducing the accessibility barriers. Open educational resources include courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools and techniques, in any medium Digital or other, used in teaching and learning. The word "Open" refers to the accessibility of these resources under open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions. In simple words the resources that are used for educational purpose available in public domain to be used by others freely or licensed in a way that allows their reuse.


As defined by the UNESCO, "The OER Open Educational Resources (OER) are learning, teaching and research materials in any format and medium that reside in the public domain or are under copyright that have been released under an open license, that permit no-cost access, re-use, re-purpose, adaptation and redistribution by others." [1]



An OER Dynamic Coalition was established in 2020 by UNESCO's Communication and Information Sector to support member states, the implementation of OER Recommendations 2019, adopted by UNESCO’s General Conference at its 40th session on 25 November 2019.

"The five areas of action based on the OER Recommendations 2019 are following:

(i) building capacity of stakeholders to create, access, re-use, adapt and redistribute OER

(ii) developing supportive policy

(iii) encouraging inclusive and equitable quality OER

(iv) nurturing the creation of sustainability models for OER

(v) facilitating international cooperation." [2]


How the Librarians contribute to UNESCO's Agenda

As is well known, the librarians have always been the advocates of open access to materials.
Additionally, they are directly or indirectly responsible for the collecting and accessibility of educational resources and greater commitment to duties associated to utilization and discovery of OER.

According to the The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2017 of UNESCO, Goal 4 is to "ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all" [3]

To achieve the UNESCO's Sustainable Development: Goal 4, mentioned above, guidelines on the development of OER policies have been provided that describe the whole process of designing and implementing the OER policy. In these guidelines the role of librarians as one of the key stakeholders is discussed.

Providing Awareness of OER to Key Stake Holders:

Awareness and knowledge of key stakeholders about open licensing and open educational resources play an important role in achieving the goal. Libraries and library support staff are also one of the stakeholders. The question is how well they understand OER and open licensing. Supporting capacity building and raising awareness among key stakeholders is given in UNESCO's guidelines on the development of open educational resources policies [4]. It focuses on informing these stakeholders about the characteristics and uses of OER. As part of the policy, library staff and other key members of educational institutions need to be given training and support on OER.

 IFLA [5] have also commented on OER recommendations and appreciated the inclusion of librarians as key stakeholders in OER policy. "We strongly appreciate this reference. Librarians have been active in supporting the use of library resources, where possible, to develop and deliver OER, as educators, curators, content creators and supporters of discovery."

Implementation phase of OER policy:

 Librarians and supporting staff are involved in the implementation of the objectives of OER awareness-based programs. According to UNESCO's guidelines on the development of open educational resources policies [6] the organisational structure for policy implementation and coordination should include representatives from the key stakeholders like teachers, librarians, and learners who understand the context and can help to form a proper implementation program. They are involved in the active implementation phase, providing insights into what kind of metadata would be helpful for discovery and the appropriate user interface for discovery. Initial and continual professional development courses on OER are open for teachers, instructors, and library professionals.



Thursday, June 30, 2022

All about Open Access to Scholarly Research

All about Open Access to Scholarly Research

Monday, June 27, 2022

Quiz on modern trends in libraries (Series 6)

 Here are some questions again.................

Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Links from google search results to books held in libraries


OCLC and Google are working together on a new program to make the print books of hundreds of US libraries, cataloged in the WorldCat, discoverable directly through the google search.
Moreover this program is planning to expand this program and connecting to the collection of more and more libraries in the future.  

With thousands of library members in more than 100 countries, OCLC is nonprofit global library organization that  provide webscale management services, original research and community programs to member libraries. Libraries getting benefits from the OCLC's Worldshare Management Services, which is a cloud based integrated suit of library management and discovery applications, offering librarians to manage comprehensive and cost effective way to manage library services.

WorldCat is a worldwide database of information about the library collection available in member libraries of OCLC. The WorldCat bibliographic records includes, Books, print journals, and other physical materials that is available to the users in libraries, such as DVDs, videogames, historic photos, musical scores, newspapers and webpages, etc. OCLC's team of experts, data quality specialists, and library staff is continuously engaged in enriching and updating the Worldcat records, making these records the highest standard quality records. Many librarians across the world are getting benefit from the sharing of library metadata and bibliographic records in terms of saving time they spend on cataloging and maintaining standards in bibliographic data in all libraries. By taking the advantage of Linked Data opportunities, OCLC is helping the libraries to make their library data more discoverable. 

The links to library catalogs can be found in Google books previews while searching for a particular book, under ‘Get’ or ‘Borrow’ the book options within Google Books previews. Click the video for the details. 



In this way google can connect to many local libraries by providing search feature for their library collection. This program will improve the visibility of the collection of local libraries and give the people ease of reaching the particular library collection.





Wednesday, April 13, 2022

Open Scholarly Communication: both authors and readers enjoy the benefits

Common methods of scholarly communication are publishing research papers/articles, book reviews, primarily in peer-reviewed journals, conference proceedings, and books. Besides papers/ articles, book reviews, the other textual formats of communicating information are: Preprints, working papers, reports, encyclopedias, dictionaries, sound, and video recordings, data visualization formats, blogs, and discussion forums, etc.

ACRL (2003) defines it as “Scholarly communication is the system through which research findings and other scholarly writings are created, evaluated for quality, disseminated to the research community, and preserved for future use.”1

Open Scholarly communications

The word “Open” in open scholarly communication denotes the open access of scholarly communication. The knowledge which is open to all for free without any restrictions. It is available to the wider scholarly community to use for the sustainable development of society. Generally Open access involves making scholarly information available free of charge, immediately and in an on-line format.

On the page of Roger Williams University, "Open Access in Scholarly Communications" is defined as "opening up the research process for quicker dissemination of research findings and rapid discovery by making scholarly information available online, free and unrestricted.”2

According to Bohyun Kim (2021) Open scholarship aims at producing transparent and accessible knowledge by sharing research outputs in various types for access and reuse by others from that sharing.”3

It is the process of publishing and sharing the research findings of researchers to be available to the wider research community and beyond that. The aim is to contribute to the sustainable development of society by keeping close relationships between teaching and research and through the pursuit, dissemination, and application of knowledge. The benefits of Open Scholarly Communications are enjoyed by both authors and readers.

  3. for-Open-Knowledge-146632.shtml

Principles of Scholarly Communication Services:

These principles aim to ensure that the Scholarly Communication Services should be open, transparent and support the core values of scholarship. As we know that future research needs the fundamental base of previous research, that needs to be communicated to all research communities beyond any geographical, financial or personal interests.  Scholarly communication should always be in the very interest of Scholarship.

In September 2017, COAR (Confederation of Open Access Repositories) and SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) pledged to collaborate with others on the same issue and  published a joint statement and accordingly, 


COAR  and  SPARC have developed seven Good Practice Principles for Scholarly Communication Services.1

These principles are based on the the "Principles for Open Scholarly Infrastructure"2 developed by Bilder G, Lin J, Neylon C (2015) 


Initiatives to support Open Scholarly Communications:

Open Access Week: It is an annual scholarly communication event that occurs across the world in the month of October. It includes talks, seminars, symposia, or the announcement focusing on Open access and related topics. ""

Open Access Initiative: The Budapest Open Access Initiative gave momentum to the Open Scholarly communication. It came in to existence after a meeting held in Budapest by Open Society Institute (now Open Society Foundations [OSF]) on December 1-2, 2001. The aim was to accelerate progress in the international effort to make research articles in all academic fields freely available on the internet.

Open Access repositories: OAR lead to open scholarly communication as they collect, preserve, and provide free access to articles and research papers. Open Access repositories may be discipline-based or institution-based also there are preprints repositories like arXiv, medRxiv, openly accessible to all . Over 2500 repositories are listed in the OpenDoar (a global directory of Open Access Repositories).

Publishing Open Acess Journals: To make scholarly content openly available to the public, many institutions host peer reviewed  journals, as well as teaching materials and book series through a software "Open Journal Systems" (OJS). It is a collaborative, open source software project maintained by the Public Knowledge Project. Publishing in Gold and Green Open access journals and PlanS (an initiative for Open Access Publishing) share one aim of making scholarly publication available freely to  all.

Open educational resources (OER): Textbooks, course readings, and a wide range of other learning content that are created with the intention of being freely available to users anywhere. They are copyrightable works licensed in a manner that provides users with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R’s of Openness: Retain, Reuse, Revise, Remix and Redistribute

DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals): DOAJ is a community-driven database of over 15 000 peer-reviewed open access journals from all the countries and in all languages covering all areas of science, technology, medicine, social sciences, arts, and humanities.

CrossRef: It is a community-driven, not-for-profit membership organization that aims to make scholarly communication better. Crossref is registered as Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. (PILA) in New York, USA.

MOU between DOAJ and Crossref:

The Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and CrossReference run by Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. (PILA) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on June 22, 2021.

 The agreement will enable:

  • Rapid and easy discovery of contents of the journals indexed in DOAJ through the use of CrossRef metadata.
  • Exchange of services and information on various issues of technical and strategic matters between both organizations.
  • Coordination in developing training materials, new services and features.
  • New research to find out practical and technical issues in Journals and metadata covered by each organization.
  • Sharing strategies, data and resources in order to lower barriers for emerging publishers across the world.
  • Encourage an open, fair and fully inclusive future for scholarly communication.

Role of Libraries in Open Scholarly Communication:

Academic and research libraries are also increasingly recognizing the importance of Open Scholarly Communication and supporting open access of scholarly communication by launching institutional repositories, creating open access publishing funds, formulating institute open access policies. Libraries are providing support to students, faculty, and administration in Scholarly Publishing (manuscript preparation, formatting, journal submission). They now play an important role in the dissemination of research outputs and  have emerged as a Liaison Librarians, open access ambassadors and open access policy makers, metadata providers, etc.

Open availability of scholarly material can have a significant impact on education, health and innovation and can be of benefit to the society in their overall development.


  1. ACRL (2003). Principles and Strategies for the Reform of Scholarly Communication 1. retrieved [April 10, 2022],
  2. Roger Williams University. Open Access in Scholarly Communication, retrieved [April09, 2022],
  3.  Bohyun Kim (2021). Open Technologies for Open Knowledge. Online Searcher, Volume 45,   Number 3 - May/June 2021, retieved [April 03, 2022] for-Open-Knowledge-146632.shtml
  4. COAR and SPARC (2019) Good practice principles for Open Scholarly Communication, retrieved [April 09, 2022],
  5. Bilder G, Lin J, Neylon C (2015) Principles for Open Scholarly Infrastructure-v1, retrieved [April 08, 2022],

To know more:

Thursday, March 03, 2022

How the libraries can get more benefits from Open Source Software than their proprietary counterparts

              In the era of web 2.0, when the internet is transitioning into web 3.0. Software systems and tools are critical for functioning and services in today’s libraries. There are many cost-effective options of Open Source software and tools available to librarians for managing library resources and providing seamless services. Open source products aim at providing an effective and continuously evolving service that is free for use. Source code is open in Open Source Software (OSS) and can be changed and reused by others. Whereas in the proprietary software, the source code is not available.

Friday, January 21, 2022

Do you know these domains?


Before moving right to the discussion about the above domains depicted in picture, it is important to know  exactly "What is domain name?"

  A domain name is an identification string of text that maps to a numeric IP address, used to access a website from client software. For example, the domain name "" points to the IP address. In general, we can say a domain name is the text that a user types into a browser window to reach a particular website. A domain is entered after the protocol in the URL, as shown in the following example.

In this above URL "https" is a protocol, "www" is a subdomain and "" is a domain name.

Thursday, January 06, 2022

Quiz on modern trends in libraries (Series 5)

Friday, December 10, 2021

Controlled Digital Lending as a mechanism of Inter Library Loan

        One of the most fundamental aims of libraries is providing access to information by lending books and other materials to their users. Libraries are continuously engaged to fulfill their aim by evolving new methods based on new technologies and users’ feedback. The practice of an Inter-Library Loan (ILL) has been used for many years to share the reading materials among libraries. Controlled Digital Lending (CDL) evolved in recent years. Many libraries have opted for CDL as a mechanism of digital lending in a restricted environment. The sudden switch to remote learning due to the Covid-19 pandemic surged to think more seriously about the CDL mechanism. One more point in discussion among library professionals these years is how the CDL can be applied in the context of ILL. This article is going to throw light on this.

Friday, October 15, 2021

Quiz on modern trends in libraries (Series 4)


Hi all, I am here again with the new series of questions to test your knowledge about the modern emerging trends and technologies in libraries and the information science.