Lib 1.0, Lib 2.0 & Lib 3.0

Library Evolution from Lib 1.0 to Lib 3.0

Aspect Lib 1.0 (Traditional Libraries) Lib 2.0 (Digital Libraries) Lib 3.0 (Intelligent Libraries)
Era Pre-digital era Digital revolution AI and IoT era
Key Characteristics Physical collections, card catalogs Digital collections, online catalogs AI-driven services, virtual reality experiences
Service Delivery In-person services Online access, digital lending Personalized services, 24/7 virtual access
Technology Use Minimal technology use Websites, digital databases AI, blockchain, IoT, virtual reality
User Engagement Face-to-face interactions Email, online forms, social media Interactive chatbots, virtual assistants
Information Access Physical browsing, limited remote access Remote access via the internet Seamless access, intelligent discovery systems
Cataloging and Metadata Manual cataloging, Dewey Decimal System Automated cataloging, metadata standards Semantic web technologies, linked data
Collection Development Print-based acquisitions E-books, digital archives Dynamic content curation, user-generated content
User Education In-library tutorials, printed guides Webinars, online tutorials Adaptive learning platforms, augmented reality tours
Security and Privacy Physical security, check-out privacy Digital rights management, data privacy Advanced encryption, privacy-enhancing technologies
Community Role Community center, physical space for events Digital community engagement Virtual events, global community collaboration
Funding Models Government and private donations Diversified with grants, digital subscriptions Crowdfunding, digital currencies, blockchain funding
Collaboration Local partnerships National and international partnerships Global networks, consortia-operated platforms
Accessibility Physical access barriers Improved with digital formats but digital divide issues Universal design, inclusive technologies
Librarian Roles Custodian, guide Digital literacy educator, curator Data scientist, digital navigator, community manager
Innovation and Research Limited to physical collections Digital collections development, e-resources Cutting-edge technology adoption, digital scholarship

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